“All [power] on earth is derivative, temporary, and limited, and in the case of abuse, more a curse than a blessing. But God is king in the absolute and true sense. The government of the universe is not democratic, nor aristocratic, nor republican, nor constitutional, but monarchical.

To God belongs the one undivided legislative, judicial, and executive power. His sovereignty is original, eternal, unlimited, abundant in blessing.

  • He is the King of kings and the Lord of lords (1 Tim. 6:15; Rev. 19:6).
  • His royal realm is the whole of the universe. His are the heavens and the earth (Exod. 19:5; Ps. 8:1; 103:19; 148:13).
  • He possesses all the nations (Ps. 22:28; 47:8–9; 96:10; Jer. 10:7; Mal. 1:14)
  • [He] is supreme in all the earth (Ps. 47:2, 7; 83:18; 97:9).
  • He is king forever (Ps. 29:10; 1 Tim. 1:17);
  • No opposition stands a chance against him (Ps. 93:3–4).
  • His kingdom will surely come (Matt. 6:10; 1 Cor. 15:24; Rev. 12:10);
  • His glory will be revealed and his name feared from the rising of the sun to its going down (Isa. 40:5; 59:19);
  • He will be king over the entire earth (Zech. 14:9).
  • He is king forever (Ps. 29:10; 1 Tim. 1:17);
  • No opposition stands a chance against him (Ps. 93:3–4).
  • His kingdom will surely come (Matt. 6:10; 1 Cor. 15:24; Rev. 12:10);
  • His glory will be revealed and his name feared from the rising of the sun to its going down (Isa. 40:5; 59:19);
  • He will be king over the entire earth (Zech. 14:9).
  • No opposition stands a chance against him (Ps. 93:3–4).
  • His kingdom will surely come (Matt. 6:10; 1 Cor. 15:24; Rev. 12:10);
  • His glory will be revealed and his name feared from the rising of the sun to its going down (Isa. 40:5; 59:19);
  • He will be king over the entire earth (Zech. 14:9).
  • His kingdom will surely come (Matt. 6:10; 1 Cor. 15:24; Rev. 12:10);
  • His glory will be revealed and his name feared from the rising of the sun to its going down (Isa. 40:5; 59:19);
  • He will be king over the entire earth (Zech. 14:9).

In this government God deals with each thing according to its kind. “God rules over all things conformably to their nature.” Consequently, that rule of God is variously represented in Scripture and described with various names.

  • By his rule he upholds the world and establishes it so that it will not be moved (Ps. 93:1);
  • He ordains the light and the darkness (Ps. 104:19–20),
  • Commands the rain and withholds it (Gen. 7:4; 8:2; Job 26:8; 38:22ff.),
  • He gives snow and hoarfrost and ice (Ps. 147:16),
  • He rebukes and stills the sea (Nah. 1:4; Ps. 65:7; 107:29),
  • He sends curses and destruction (Deut. 28:15ff.).
  • All things fulfill his command (Ps. 148:8).
  • With equally sovereign power and majesty he rules in the world of rational creatures. He rules among the Gentiles and possesses all nations (Ps. 22:28; 82:8);
  • He deems the nations as emptiness and less than nothing (Isa. 40:17),
  • He deals with the inhabitants of the earth according to his will (Dan. 4:35),
  • God directs the hearts and thoughts of all (Prov. 21:1).

And this government of God over his rational creatures extends not only to the good things of which he is the Giver both in nature and in grace (James 1:17); nor only to the beneficiaries of his favor, whom he chooses, preserves, cares for, and leads to eternal salvation; but also to evil and to those who love evil and do it.

Herman Bavinck  (Reformed Dogmatics)